Tuesday, August 9, 2016


When a couple marries they blend their dissimilar families into one.  This was definately the case in the marriage of Hannah's parents, Captain Zebulon Libby and Lydia Andrews. Zebulon's side of the family had been in Scarborough for several generations.  Lydia Andrews, on the other hand, (and her mother Anne Seavey) were the first of Hannah's maternal family to be born in Scarborough.  Hannah's maternal lines came mainly from New Hampshire and Massachusetts.

Ancestry of Hannah's mother Lydia Andrews


       Lydia Andrew's 2nd great grandfather was John Andrews.  Lieut. John Andrews was a house carpenter and farmer, and lived in that part of Ipswich which in 1679 was organized as Chebacco Parish and in 1819 was incorporated as the town of Essex, Mass.
His name is frequently found in the land and court records of Ipswich,where he seems to have accumulated considerable property and to have been a man of some distinction. He was honorably connected with that outbreak of independence which led the inhabitants of Ipswich in 1687 to resist the order of Sir Edmund Andros and his council for levying a tax on the King's subjects, viz., "a penny in the pound on all Estates personal or real, twenty pence per head as Poll Money," etc. (Andros Tracts, vol. 1, p. 81, published by the Prince Society.) John Andrews was at that time chairman of the selectmen of Ipswich, and John Appleton was town clerk. They, with John Wise, the minister, and others, called a meeting, at which the command of the Governor to choose a commissioner to assist in assessing the tax, was discussed; and at the town meeting the next day (23 Aug.) the town considered that by the laws of England it was enacted "that no Taxes should be Levied upon the Subjects without consent of an Assembly chosen by the Freeholdf'rs." (lb., p. 84.) For this act of the town Mr. Wise, John Andrews, John Appleton, William Goodhue, Robert Kinsman, and Thomas French were arrested, brought before the court at Boston, and tried; and "that they might be sure to be found guilty, Jurors were picked of such as were no Freeholders, nay of Strangers; the Prisoners pleading the privilege of Englishmen not to be taxed without their own consent, they were told that the Laws of England would not follow them to the end of the Earth,- . . . for the penalties they resolved should follow them quo jure quaque injuria;" that they had no right to claim the privileges of Englishmen, "when it had been declared in the Governors Council, that the Kings Subjects in New-England did not differ much from Slaves, and that the only difference was, that they were not bought and sold. . .. In as much as the Prisoners mentioned had asserted their English Liberties, they were severely handled, not only imprisoned for several weeks, but fined and bound to their good behavior." (lb., p. 82.) This act of resistance has been called "the foundation of American Democracy," and was the beginning of those events which eighty-eight years later culminated in the Revolutionary War. It is commemorated in the seal of the town of Ipswich, which bears the motto, "The Birthplace of American Independence 1687."

       During the unhappy days of the Witchcraft Delusion John Andrews and his four sons were among those who signed the petition to save John Proctor and his wife, who had lived at Chebacco and had been tried and convicted of witchcraft at Salem; and although they could not save the husband, they put themselves on record as among the more tolerant of the people of New England.

       John Andrews had a son - William Andrews. In the HISTORY OF THE ANDREWS FAMILY WILLIAM ANDREWS of Ipswich, William is supposed to have been born about 1650. He married Margaret Woodward, October 21, 1672. [Extraction] This indenture [is] made in the 24th year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord Charles the 2nd, between Samuel Cogswell, & William Andrews, s/o John Andrews, Sr., carpenter, of the other part. Samuel Cogswell, in consideration of the £60, [leases] to the said William Andrews, 100 acres of land. John Andrews & William Andrews, his son, promise to erect a house. In witness whereof, the parties to these presents severally & respectively, have set their hands & seals, the 20 day of August 1672. From the foregoing it would appear that John Andrews, the father, was a carpenter, & that William Andrews, the son, was a husbandman or farmer. In Ipswich March 12 1716. Letter of adm. at large or all & singular the goods & estate of Ensign William Andrews, late of Ipswich, deceased was granted unto his widow Margaret Andrews. She gives bond to administer according To law, to exhibit an inventory & to render an account at or before the first Monday In June (?) next ensuing.

        Jonathan Andrews, son of William and grandfather of Lydia, was born in Chebacco, about 1682. He was a blacksmith by trade and resided in his native parish until 1733, when he settled in Scarborough, Maine province, York county, Massachusetts. He was admitted to the church there February 25, 1733-34. He married Sarah Smith (published December 6, 1718). He proved a valuable addition to the town of Scarborough, both on account of his good qualities as a man and citizen and his skill as a blacksmith.

       Amos Andrews (Lydia's father) was a farmer in Chebacco Parrish.  In 1747 he voted against the Town of Scarborough for a Meeting House at Black Point.  He was a clerk of the Second Parish Church of Scarborough in 1760; Deacon in 1758; Church Warden in 1767 and 1770; Assessor in 1778; Highway Surveyor in 1781 and 1796; a Selectman in 1784; on the Committee to Draft Instructions to the Representative in 1787; a Grand Juror in 1790.  Amos is listed in the Daughters of the American Revolution database as having served in the Revolutionary War.  He was a Sergeant in Capt David Strout's Company; enlisting in 4 July 1775; roll made up to 31 Dec 1775, a service of 5 months and 27 days at Cape Elizabeth and Scarborough.  Amos was a Second Lieutenant in Capt. Crocker's Company at Falmouth commissioned 16 February 1776 and in Capt. William Crocker's Company in Cumberland County Regiment.  Pay rolls for service from 1 March 1776 to 23 Nov 1776, 8 months and 23 days at Falmouth.

     Amos is mentioned in his father's will written 3 July 1752: "And I give to my well beloved Son Amos Andrews whom I likewise constitute make & ordain my only Executor of this my last Will & Testament all ye Home place and also all The Cattle belonging to ye aforesd Home place; And also I desire that the Common Lands may be divided equally among them freely to be possessed & enjoy."  The Amos Andrews and Ann Seavey marriage is recorded in the "Records of the Second Congregational Church in Scarborough," page 24.  (by Dr. Andree Swanson)


       Ezekiel Woodward was born in England, the son of Nathaniel and Margaret Woodward.  He came here in 1633 with his parents.  He was a soldier in King Philips War and lived in Ispwish and Wenhaw Massachusetts.

       "Ezekiel Woodward was born about 1624, since in 1672 he deposed that he was about fifty-eight years old. He evidently emigrated to New England by or before 1650 since he is said to have acquired land in Boston in 1651, and since in November, 1668, he deposed at Salem that he had known Thomas Wells, then a defendant, for seventeen or eighteen years. His life until about 1660 was spent in Boston where he had married about 1650 as his first wife Anne Beamsley, the mother of all of his children.

       On September 14, 1658, the day William Beamsley made his will he also signed a confirmatory deed to Ezekiel and his wife Anne of a portion of the Beamsley home lot on which the young couple had lived about seven years...

       " Ezekiel, whose trade was carpentry, is not recorded as having taken part in public affairs during the ten years he lived in Boston nor as having church membership nor freemanship but five of their nine children were born during the period so Anne must have been a busy woman and Ezekiel must have been active in his carpentry to have cared for them all... "Henceforth our relationships to the Woodward family appear only in Essex County.

        Ezekiel, as of Ipswich, in March, 1661, paid 60 pounds to Ralph Dix for a tract of two and one-half acres and a house "by the smaller falls" and near the Great Bridge which was built in 1672. He lived in this property, which was bounded on the northeast and southwest by the Mill River, for about ten years, but in October, 1672, after the death of his wife, Anne and about the time of his own removal to Wenham, Ezekiel sold a part of the Ipswich tract to Shoreborn Wilson and sold the house and remainder of the lot in 1679...

       "In April, 1667, Ezekiel was taken sharply to task "for his great offense in affronting the constables in the execution of their office." The court ruled that he should be fined or make public acknowledgement of his fault on the next lecture day, and he is recorded as having chosen the latter. The conditions concerning the punishment of four young men who had torn up a bridge and were sentenced each to sit an hour in the stocks and then be returned to jail until a three pound fine was paid for each of them. While they were in the stocks the citizenry including Ezekiel evidently crowded around, and the two constables ordered them to "keep further off" and presumably punished Ezekiel, for he is quoted as saying to them that "it was the King's ground, that he had a right to stand there as well as they, and if they thrust him again he would sett them further off." Another witness claimed that Ezekiel said to one of the constables "what will you? breed a mutanye and if you had stroak me, I would a laid you over the head!"" From: Dawes-Gates Ancestral Lines, vol. I, by Mary W. Ferris (1943) pp. 667-676; 32 references cited.

       Ezediel died on 29 Jan 1698/99.  He and his wife Ann were parents of Margaret Woodward, who married William Andrews.


       George Smith was born 4 Nov 1621 in Lincolnshire, England  & died 30 Mar 1674 in Ipswich, Essex, Massachusetts.
Parents: John Smith b 1600 Lincolnshire, the immigrant ancestor to Ipswich, MA.  He married abt. 1644 at: Ipswich, Essex, Massachusetts to Mary French 1625- 1697) the daughter of Thomas French & Susannah Riddlesdale .
New England Marriages Prior To 1700
New England Historical & Genealogical Register Vol: 110-11: Thomas Smith Wheelwright of Ipswich, Mass.
Will of George Smith made 13 April 1674 and his Inventory was taken 15 Dec 1674; The children named in the will are listed on their family group sheet. His wife, Mary was alive at the time of his inventory.

       His son was Samuel Smith who was born at Ipswich in 1647. His name is included in the list of the braves of Narragansett, 1675. He m 2nd wid Priscilla Gould of Topsfield who d Oct 16, 1732 aged 86 yrs. He died May 31, 1727 age 80 yrs at Ipswich, not Medfield (Ips VR).


       Thomas French [1]., bp. 11 Oct 1584 at Bures St. Mary in Suffolk, according to the Bures St. Mary vital records which began in 1538, at St. Mary’s Church, son of Jacob, moved to Assington ca. 1585/86, m. Susan Riddlesdale 5 Sep 1608 in Assington. Thomas was named after his grandfather, Thomas French [23]. This entire family immigrated to New England.
Susan Riddlesdale was bp. 20 Apr 1584 at Boxford, Suffolk Co, England, dau. of John and Dorcas Riddlesdale, d. Aug 1658, immigrated 1635 [13] to Ipswich, Massachusetts, a few years after their son, Thomas Jr. and 3 older daughters immigrated. Thomas Sr. d. before 5 Nov 1639 in Ipswich, MA [16]. Thomas Sr. occupied a farm located in Assington called Garlands. See Ref. [31]. It was owned by John Gurdon. The will of John Gurdon, Esq., of Assington, made Dec. 6, 1621, left to his grandson "the messuage or farm house wherein one Thomas French doth now inhabit, called Garland's." Brampdon Gurdon, Sheriff of Norfolk 1625-29, was b. in Assington Hall and had at least one dau., Muriel Gurdon, b. 1613 [26]. Thomas immigrated to Ipswich, MA before Jul. 25, 1638 when a lot of his is mentioned as a boundary to land at the Reedy Marsh. Four of his children had preceeded him to America.

       Susan d. Aug. 1658, Ipswich, MA. On Mar. 10, 1658/9, inventory of her estate was made, totaling £12.11.6. Daughter of John Riddlesdale and Dorcas. Susan was probably the aunt of Dorcas Riddlesdell, a witness in a case in Ipswich, MA court in Mar. 1647. Thomas’ children: All Children baptized at Saint Edmund’s in Assington. All children immigrated to MA except Margaret who died young.

       Thomas French lived but a couple of years in New England, for on 5 Nov 1639, administration of his estate was granted to his wife and 'the land which he left is to be disposed of by sale or otherwise by advice of the Magistrates of Ipswich, for the maintenance of his wife and education of his children which are not yet able  to provide for themselves, nor were disposed of in their father's life.'
"A widow French was a Commoner in Ipswich in 1641. There is no further mention of her (Susan Riddlesdale French) until her death in August 1658. Administration of her estate was granted to her son John."  (SOURCE: The French Family Association at http://www.frenchfamilyassoc.com/FFA/CHARTSWEB/ChartE001.htm)

NOTE:  Of interest to many of us is the fact that Thomas French and Susan Riddlesdale were the ancestors of one Joseph Smith the Prophet, who restored the Gospel and founded The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.


       Henry Smith was an early settler of Dorchester, MA where he was a selectman in 1634. He soon decided to move westward to what is now known as Springfield, MA. At that time the area was under the jurisdiction of Connecticut. "In … [1635], Mr. Pynchon, Henry Smith, Jehu Burr, and probably, some others, came to this place, called by the Indians Aggawam, and began to build a house on the west side of the [Connecticut] river, on the Aggawam, in the meadow, called from that fact Housemeadow. The Indians, seeing this, and being perfectly friendly, informed them that the house would be exposed to the flood, and they abandoned it, and came and built a house on the east side of the river… It is supposed they returned to Roxbury in the fall." In the spring of 1636 William Pynchon led a small group of eight families to settle at Aggawam. The members of this company of "adventurers" were: William Pynchon, Matthew Mitchell, Henry Smith, Jehu Burr, William Blake, Edmund Wood, Thomas Ufford, and John Cable. These men purchased Aggawam from the Indians for "18 fathoms of wampum, 18 coats, 18 hatchets, 18 hoes, and 18 knives." The settlement was founded, in large part, to take advantage of fur-trading opportunities along the Connecticut River. Henry and Ann, daughter of his step-father William Pynchon , married at about that same time. They lived there until deciding to move back to England along with her father, in about 1652. Sometime after her father’s banishment from New England, it is stated that his daughter, Anne, wife of Henry Smith, "went crazy." Henry was described as "a Godly, wise young man."

       Henry and Ann Pynchon Smith had a daughter Martha A Smith who married the previously noted Samuel Smith.


       The history of the Pynchon family in New England starts with William Pynchon. He was born in Springfield, in England on October 11, 1590. He was the son of John and Frances (Brett) Pynchon and grandson of Jane Empson.

       There is no evidence that he attended university in England, although it is agreed by historians and biographers that he was very well-educated. This is based on his own writings and extensive knowledge of Latin, Greek, and Hebrew writers. He held numerous offices of responsibility in the colony and he kept journals of records of all kinds, a practice which his son John carried on. He spent a good deal of his later life thinking and writing on religious matters.

       In England he was a member of the group of Adventures which later became the Massachusetts Bay Company. William's father, John went to school at New College (Oxford) with the Rev. John White of Dorset, and William was probably acquainted with him before becoming a member of this group of Adventures.
       William came to New England with the Winthrop Fleet in 1630 with his wife Anna Agnes Andrews and four children. Ann was the daughter of William Andrew of Twiwell, Northamptonshire, and was a member of a old Warwickshire family.

       They settled first at Roxbury where he was the principle founder. Anna died there in the first year and he later married Widow Frances Stamford. He was the first member to join the newly formed Congregational church of Roxbury in 1632.

       In 1636 he led a party from Roxbury, among whom were Henry Smith, his son-in-law, Jehu Burr, and Miles Morgan, to the Connecticut River, and began the settlement of Agawam, which he named Springfield, after his hometown in England. He was a magistrate there for many years and made a good deal of money in the beaver trade. He did very well at trading with the natives, becoming the second largest trader in new England.

       William served as a Massachusetts Bay assistant, from 1630-36, and again from 1642-50/51, and as treasurer 1632-33. Oddly he did not become a Freeman until August 11, 1642, yet he had always behaved as one from the day of his arrival. It may be that it was an oversight, that may have been noticed in May of 1642, when William was elected an assistant again. The first time he had served in a colony office since his removal to Springfield in 1636.

       He was in England in 1650 to oversee the publication of his book, The Meritorious Price of Our Redemption. This book held views contrary to the prevalent Calvinistic view of atonement. The publication caused quite a stir in the magistry. The General Court condemned his book as false, heretical, and erroneous, and ordered Rev. John Norton to answer it. The Court ordered the burning of his book in the marketplace of Boston. They also threatened to prosecute William unless he retract his statements publicly and in writing both here and in England. Upon his return to New England, he was hauled before court.

                                                                                                                                                                           In May, 1651, Pynchon appeared and explained or modified the obnoxious opinions. The judgment of the Court was deferred till the next session in May, 1652. Hoping to give him time to change his mind and attitude in these matters. William, fed up with the persecuting and intolerant spirit of the authorities in the Bay, returned to England, with his wife and son-in-law, Henry Smith, before his court date. Henry returned and he and Ann moved to England late in 1654. He left his son John to care for the business in Springfield. There in 1655, he published a new edition of his book, with additions and other books concerning religion. He died in England in October 29, 1661, at the age of seventy-two. He is buried in the church yard at Wraysbury. He outlived both his wife and daughter Ann who died within a few days of one another in Oct. 1657.

       William was the primary force responsible in the establishment of the first court in western Massachusetts and the administration of justice in the region until 1651.

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