Friday, May 11, 2018

William Furlsbury Carter Mission to India Part 12 (the conclusion)

Source: Life of William F. Carter Sr.
by Leora Carter Scharrer (a great granddaughter of William)
Family History Library Q921.73 A1 #10
FHL Film 1036767 item 2

p. 17 - 18
The missionary journal ends in Lima Hancock County, Illinois on December 20, 1853. He visited his Brother Phillip and sister Mary Jane Dewley. It was here he learned of his father’s death over a year before. He also learned that Roxena had given birth to a son and named him Edward M. after her father. This was a surprise to him as he did not know this baby was on the way when he left home. He rejoiced at this first and good news he had received from his family in over fourteen months.

William F. was a very sick man in poor health. It was winter, thus being low in health, and winter upon him it was impossible for him to continue his missionary work. The brother and sister and friends in Lima, realizing the condition William F. was in, put him to bed and cared for him during the winter months.

By spring of 1854, he had gained most of his strength back and was ready to resume his missionary work. On 1 April he was called by Church Official in St. Louis, to act as an agent of the Church. He was assigned the responsibility of arranging transportation, equipment and provisions for the large handcart companies of immigrants waiting to start the overland trek to Utah. All was handled with dispatch, wisdom, and skill. By 10 April he had the first company of English and Welsh Saints ready which he took to Kansas. The 16th of June, Elder Empey writes from Kansas to S. W. Richards at Salt Lake City as follows:

“The Danish Company comprising of seventy wagons under the presidency of Elder H. P. Olsen have received their outfits, and they rolled out on the plains yesterday.
“I have organized three other companies of English, Welsh, and Scotch. Two of these are P. E. Fund Companies and one is independent. The Independent company consists of about 30 wagons each. I have appointed William F. Carter president of one, and Dr. Darwin Richardson president of the other. The health of the saints is good. On account of the immense emigration to California-Salt Lake this season, oxen range from $75 to $110 per yoke, and cows $25 to $40 per head. The price of wagons in St. Louis is $67. The variation of freight prices is the result of the different stages of the river.”
In making these arrangements for his trip back home, William F. was not anxiously accepted by the Captain. The captain of the wagon train had objected at first to his joining them, thinking no doubt that his recent illness (causing much loss of weight and a poor physical appearance) and his age, 43, would cause him to be a burden. Possibly it was the intercession of a 27-year-old English convert, Elizabeth Howard, that gained him a place in the company. She is reported to have asked, “Why can’t we take that old man along with us?”
Elizabeth was from a well-to-do family. When asked why she always wore silk dresses on the trail, she replied that they were the only kind she had. A friendship developed between these two saints. William F. was able to repair wagons and shoe horses on the journey to the satisfaction of all involved.

At Echo Canyon, Captain Kearns divided the company taking part and leaving William to bring the rest by another route, which proved to be a shorter road.

Captain Kearnes, on arriving at Salt Lake asked Miss Howard for an extra $200 for her transportation to Utah. William F. knowing that this was wrong interceded. He went to his old friend President Brigham Young on this matter.

The solution was soon seen. William F. and Elizabeth were married and sealed on October 9, 1854 at 4:30 p.m. by George A. Smith. Then they proceeded to Provo.

The church records show that William F. after this long and tedious plains trip of three months reached Salt Lake City 30 Sep 1854. The records show that his was the day he was released from his mission. He was away from home 23 months and 10 days.

He was the second Elder who had circumnavigated the globe as an L.D.S. missionary and the first missionary to carry the Book of Mormon the full distance around. On returning home he testified as follows:

“I have suffered ill health, change in climate, and rough weather in crossing the ocean. I have bore my testimony to every person that I possibly could meet, both by sea and land, and I verily believe that I sowed seed in good ground that will grow, and I shall see the fruits thereof. I baptized a man and his wife in Kansas, who will be shortly in the valley. I have only one regret that my health was such that it prevented my staying to finish my mission, but my conscience fully acquits me of having done my best duty as far as I was able and knew how, and that the Lord has blessed me for I am convinced of his special care over me in permitting me to return to my home and family. That simple faith endeavors me to be abundantly blessed in drawing out the honest in heart to join the Gospel that I have bore testimony to around the world, is my prayer, in the name of Christ – Amen.”

Though she doesn’t cite it – one would think that the author of the above Leora Scharrer must have consulted the following source. It should be noted that in the early days of the Church there weren’t all that many missionaries that went out on missions and it was customary for those who resided in the Utah area upon their return to report directly to President Brigham Young about their mission. The following is where that report was recorded.

In The Journal History of the Church – Entry for 30 Sep 1854 is the report of William F Carter’s mission to India. The report begins with:

“Elder Wm. F. Carter the second Latter-day Elder who had circumnavigated the Globe as a missionary arrived in Salt Lake City. The following report of his mission was published in the Deseret News:”

What follows is an extensive report of his mission – the beginning and end from copies of the original paper and the rest from a transcription. The bulk of this report is taken directly from his journal. His summary is interesting: “I arrived in Great Salt Lake City, Sept. 30, 1854. On the 2nd of Oct. I arrived in Provo City, having been absent 23 months, 10 days.
It took 86 days to sail from San Francisco to Calcutta, and 126 from Calcutta to Boston; the distance I traveled round the world being 38,000 miles.” (Deseret News Nov. 9, 1854 p. 2)

William Furlsbury Carter probably following his mission to India


This ends this abbreviated account of William’s mission to India. The photo attached to this post is, I believe, a photo of William not long after his mission based on the fact that, compared with the other two pictures we have of him, he doesn't look well.

Monday, May 7, 2018

William Furlsbury Carter Mission to India Part 11


Friday, 11 Nov 1853 was a red-letter day for William: “at 10 A. M. I Steped my feet of the Shores of America again. I Spent the day in Serching for some information from the west, but in vain. I could not find a Later-day Saint in Boston. I went to the Reading room and to a number of Printing Offices, but could not find a paper from G. S. Lake Citty. I hired my board at a tavern for 4 Dollars per Week.”  It is not surprising that news would be his first concern.  During the prior year he hadn’t heard anything from home. 

The following day (12 Nov 1853) while still looking for news William had a couple of interesting transactions – selling two copies of the Book of Mormon for $2.00 each to first mate, Mr. Birt, and second mate, Mr. Anderson.  He then made an interesting comment: “…as for our Capt Sheen he
was one the Meanist men that I ever saw. He was Disliked by all on board.”  I doubt he offered the captain a copy of his book.

Boston and Maine train engine from William's day
On Sunday, 13 October 1853, William, still unable to find any LDS people in Boston, attended a Methodist Meeting.  The next morning at 7 am the “took the cars for Scarboroiugh” and arrived five hours later at noon at the depot in Oak Hill.  This reference to “cars” has to mean he traveled by railroad to his ancestral home in Scarborough.  The five-hour trip compares favorably with the 3 and half hour trip today by rail over the same basic route.  He most likely traveled on the Boston and Maine Railroad as it had been in operation for about 10 years at this time.

Richard Carter home - Scarborough
His first stop was at his Uncle Richard Carter’s home.  Richard was actually Richard Jr. – the brother of his father John Carter.  Richard and his wife Sally Holmes lived in the family home where John was born John’s father Richard Carter Sr. was buried.  It was here that he began to learn some family news – of the deaths of Jacob Dooley (his sister Mary Jane’s husband), Aunt Eliza (Eliza Carter, sister of John Carter and wife of George Libby of Scarborough, and Uncle Cyrus King (husband of Hannah Carter, a sister of John Carter and had died 6 years previously in Saco, Maine.)

Over the next several weeks William, while nursing a bad cold and trying to recover from his illness contracted in India, he visited with several of his relatives.  On Thanksgiving Day, he had breakfast with Daniel Carter (probably the Daniel who was the son of Richard Jr) and dinner with his Uncle Richard.  The following Wednesday (November 23) he was with Betsy and Mary Jane Meserve (children of Uncle Richard Carter who married Meserves.)  On Sunday, November 27 he was visiting with his mother’s brothers Timothy and David Libby.

Uncle Richard Carter Jr.
Sally Holmes Carter - Richard's wife
Finally, on Monday, Dec 5, 1853 he left his home land in Maine and began his trek west to Utah.  He took the train back to Boston that day and immediately bought a ticket through to Cincinnati, Ohio.  The next morning, he left Boston and arrived in Albany, New York at 6 pm the next day (Dec. 6.)  The next day he left for Buffalo and arrived there on Dec. 8.  There he had a problem as railroad bridges between Buffalo and Erie had been burned down by mobs.  William, due to a lack of funds, had to sell some of his things to get money to help him continue his trip by steamboat to Cleveland and to cover his expenses during the delay.

On Saturday December 10 he went on board the steamship and arrived in Cleveland the next day.  On Monday December 12 he left Cleveland by the railroad and traveled through Columbus to Cincinnati that day.  On Tuesday, December 13 he took a steamship to Louisville, Kentucky, where he boarded another steamship and headed for Saint Louis, arriving there on December 15, 1853. On the next day he boarded another steamer for Quincy, Illinois and arrived there on Monday, December 19th.  He spent the night with Nathan Pinkham.  Nathan Pinkham wasn’t just anyone but a friend from at least William’s Missouri period.  Nathan Pinkham Sr. was born in Maine and became a convert of Joseph Smith and was in Far West, Missouri by 1836.  His son Nathan Jr. became a member of the infamous “Danites” and settled in Quincy in 1839 where he went into the livery business.  When his wife and only child died in 1845 he chose not to leave Illinois with the Saints when they were drive from the state.  Later he would remarry and become a wealthy businessman in Quincy.

The next day, Tuesday, December 20, 1853, he finally arrived back with his family as reported in his journal: “I took the stage at Day light and landed at A. Tripps in Lima [Hancock County, Illinois] at 12 Oclock. I took some Diner and then went to see Mary Jane Dewley. She had just ben confined. she Has a son. I went to Phillips and stayed all Night. I found the folks all well. I saw Letters that Dominicus [his brother] and Arlitta [his daughter] wrote here which gave to understand that my Folks were all well, which greatly Cheered my heart, it Being the firs sound that I had heard from them since I left them.”

William's brother, Philip Libby Carter
Mary Jane Carter Dooley








Thus, ended the missionary journal of William Furlsbury Carter.  For the rest of his trip home and essentially the rest of his mission we will have to use other sources. 

Friday, May 4, 2018

William Furlsbury Carter Mission to India Part 10

Passenger list for the John Gilpin showing William as one of two passengers



William began his long trip home on Saturday,  9 July 1853.  He had been staying on the John Gilpin since the previous Monday.  Being a sailing ship, the John Gilpin had to have the assistance of a steam ship to pull it out of port and down the river until they could get to open water where it would be able to sail under its own power.  Since Calcutta was inland on the Hooghly River they must have required help for quite a way until the river estuary was wide enough for them to go on alone.  By that night they made Diamond Harbor about 50 miles down the river.

The following day they sailed on to “ComColley” which we haven’t been able to identify.  His health was very poor as he reported “…I felt quite sick, had now appetite. my tongue was coted all over on a count of the fevour that I had on me. there was nothing that tasted natural to me.”

On Monday, July 11 they continued to be pulled by the steamer until 3 PM and then sailed on under their own power but were stopped at the “sand heads,” which were probably sand bars of silt deposited by the river where it meets the ocean.  The problem here was that the pilot that was guiding them was unable to leave the ship due to rough seas.  On the following day after still not being able to get the pilot and his assistant to their Brig, the John Gilpin took to the sea.

Within a couple of days they were in heavy seas and the ship began leaking.  On Tuesday the 19th of July they had 30 inches of water leaking into the hold per hour and were in need to making a port so the ship could be “corked.”  On the 20th William recorded “The Capt caled a council and they desided that the only Chance for them was to gow to Penang and they shaped their course acordingly. Put her before the wind and she did not make but little water. The saylors have ben wet for 10 days, my health has improved a little but I am very week and feble.”

Two days later they arrived in Penang, Malaysia for repairs.  William reported that it had a fine harbor and was beautiful with fruits of all kinds.  He reported that nutmeg was grown in an abundance as were other spices and cinnamon.  By August 4th they were ready to set sail again and headed westerly.  On the 8th they reached Samatra and sailed along its shores until the 12th when they headed out into the Indian Ocean.  Poor William continued to battle health issues and reported that he had cholic at this point.  On the 16th they crossed the equator heading south for the Cape of Good Hope on the southern tip of Africa.

Saturday, September 2nd was a very difficult day and night for the ship:  “Hard wind. Some squally. A tremendous thunder shower commenced at 2 in the evening. Continued till 8 in the
morning. the wind blew sow hard that we had to take in all her sail. There was a perfect sheet of Lightning all night. and the Rain descended in torents. Jack lanterns stood on evry mast head. The Second mate saw 4 Water Spouts in the morning. a tremendous sea on all Night. the waves dashed over all night. it was sow dark that you could not see your hand before you only when it Litened [lightning].”

Finally on September 15th they passed Cape Agulhas, the southern tip of Africa and then the 17th rounded the Cape of Good Hope.  William reported needing his overcoat and mittens as the temperature was 55 degrees. From there they said northwesterly for Brazil.  They successfully crossed the Atlantic and reached Cape Sao Roque in the northeast corner of Brazil on October 6th, 1853.  From here they continued sailing northwesterly towards their goal of Boston, Massachusetts crossing the equator two days later and returning to the northern hemisphere.

Saturday, October 22, 1853 was a day of reflection for William: “One year this morning since I left home. I have not heard from home cince I left. I have seen many Dark and Lonesome hours, and Days since I left My home. That now one can Realize unless they pass threw like Circumstances, which will be Rare if Ever. While Crosing the Diferant Seas, I witnessed heavy gales of Wind, Thunder storms and Squalls all most without number which are very Dangerous to Encounter, besides haveing the ship spring a Leek twice in Heavy Gales. I have Traveled threw the land where the Cholery Swept of its thousands, from morning till Evening and from Evening till morning the Dead Bodies were floting on the surface of the waters wich be spoke the great mortality of the Inhabitance of the Land. I feel in my heart Prays my Heavenly Father for the Preserving Care he has had over me the Past year, and for the blessings He has bestowed on me. Light fair wind. Saw a plenty of sea weed. we are in Lat. 22-00. Long 55-24. 1360 Miles from Nantucket Light House.”  This would be a year William would never forget.

On November 4, 1853 they sailed into the Gulf Stream.  The Gulf Stream is literally a river of warm water that originates in the Caribbean Sea, flows northerly along the east coast of the United States and then crosses the Atlantic towards northern Europe.  William found it interesting that they were now sailing in water that was 74 degrees, yet the air temperature varied from the 50’s down into the high 30’s.

We will close our account of this trip with William’s own words:

Thursday the 10 [November, 1853]
Made Sail in the morning and Sailed up Near the Light house, and at 10 A. M. We took a Pilot. Strong head wind.We took steem at 4 P. M. and at 6 we were at the Warf made fast in Boston. it has ben 126 Days since I came on board the ship John Gilpin. this has ben a happy Evening to me, one long to be remembered. Threw the Mercy and Blessings of my Heavenly father I am a gain in the Land of America. Thanks giving, Praise and glory to my Heavenly Father For my Protection while crossing the mighty Deep. Thermomiter 37.

His trip, and mission, were not complete but he had finally reached the mainland of the United States again.

Thursday, May 3, 2018

William Furlsbury Carter Mission to India Part 9


In the last installment we left William sad to leave India but extremely ill.  From William’s Journal we read:

Monday the 4 [July, 1853]
…I was acompined on board of the ship by Br Miek and he Bid me farewell. I looked around the ship and a dark gloom Came over me and the ship looked more like a tomb than a ship.

I could not a Count for my felings. I had my doubts about ever seing America a gain. The Ship John Gilpin is 11 hundred tons. we had 16 hundred & 50 ton of Freight in her. we had to lay at anchor all the next day, wating for Steem & for the sailers.

The ship would sit at dock for 5 days until it finally left Calcutta.  What can we learn about the ship John Gilpin?

The clipper ship John Gilpin under sail

 The John Gilpin was a medium clipper launched in 1852 at the shipyard of Samuel Hall, Boston, MA. Dimensions: 195'×37'×22' and tonnage 1089 tons old measurement.  (http://www.bruzelius.info/Nautica/Ships/Clippers/John_Gilpin(1852).html)
Clippers were long and narrow ships built for speed.  They carried the maximum sail possible and had a somewhat limited space for cargo.  During the middle third of the 1800’s they were the darlings of the sea.  The John Gilpin was famous for a race it had with the Flying Fish.  It sailed from New York to San Francisco in 93 days and 20 hours from port to pilot under command of Captain Justine Doane. The best day's run during the voyage was 315 miles. The Flying Fish which had left New York on November 1 arrived at San Francisco in 92 days and 4 hours. 

After the John Gilpin arrived in San Francisco on January 31, 1853, she must have sailed to the Orient as she was in port in Calcutta on July 4, 1853.  So when William stepped foot on it on July 4 he was boarding a very new and extremely fast ship.  For the next 4 months and 7 days, until 11 November 1853, the John Gilpin would be his home.

As a side light, the John Gilpin had a short life and had a sad end just 5 years later.  On 29 Jan 1858 it struck an iceberg while sailing from Honolulu to New Bedford, MA with 15 passengers and a cargo of 7500 barrels of whale oil. This incident occurred 150 nautical miles off the Falkland Islands in the south Atlantic.  The ship was abandoned the following day with 15 feet of water in the hold. The entire crew was picked up by the British ship Hertfordshire on voyage from Callao to Cork and were landed at Bahia. Part of the crew arrived in New York on April 14 in the clipper ship Sunny South.

Advertisement for the John Gilpin


Wednesday, May 2, 2018

William Furlsbury Carter Mission to India Part 8


On June 27, 1853 the decision to have William Furlsbury Carter return to Utah was made.  Since they were traveling without purse or script, he couldn’t just pack up and leave.  Funds were needed and passage would have to be secured.  Remember that he was so sick, his life was hanging in the balance at this point.  If he didn’t leave soon he would probably die do to the malaria and heat.

William’s journal tells us the story of the next few days of negotiation:

Thursday the 30 [June, 1853]
I went and visited the American Council to get him to aid me in gowing home. he was very friendly and a Shured me that I should get a Chance to gow home. I visited 2 American Ship agents which apeared  verry friendly and they told me that they would Doe all they Could to get me home. We had a meting last evening and only 2 atended besides our own people.

Fryday, July the 1 [1853]
I went and saw the Agent, and he told me that he thought that I could gow to America on the Ship John Gilpin. I then went to the american concil. he said that he would let me have 300 Rupees and if I ever got able to pay him to doe sow, & if not Let it gow to the Devil. Said he I let one man have one thousand Rupees and never got a cent for it. Said he what doe I car for that. Said he if you want 10 or 12 Rupees to get any thing to make you comfortable on your voige, you can have it. I told that I neded some things. he said to his servent hand Mr. Carter 15 or 20, 25 Rupees. he handed me 25 Rupees, and he said to me if I wanted any more to come & I should have it. I then told him what the Agent had told me that was if I could get 300 Rupees the[n] he would let me have fifty to Buy me some nesesisaries with. & said I to the Concil, you Need not let me have but 250 Rup. Never mind that you save the 50 Rupees you will want it for to help your self with before you get home.

Saturday the 2 [July, 1853]
I went & bought me 14 shirts, 4 pare of Pants & 40 yds of cloth for garments in the Evening Br Jones & I visited Br McMahan took super with him & family.

On Sunday, July 3, 1853, William preached his farewell sermon in Calcutta.  The following day would be his last with his mission companions.

Monday the 4 [July, 1853]
I was taken sick with pane in my head and all over my body. I went home with Br Miek 7 miles from Calcutta. I had a fever on me 2 days, on the 7 I returned to Calcutta. I went an saw the Council [Dr. Charles Hoffnagle, American Consul]. he gave me 25 Rupees. I bought me some things that I wanted & in the Evening I Bid my Brethren farewell which caused much grief being sick and Leaveing my brethren to gow among strangers a Cross the mighty deep. Caused feelings in my heart that can be felt but not discribed. I was acompined on board of the ship by Br Miek and he Bid me farewell. I looked around the ship and a dark gloom Came over me and the ship looked more like a tomb than a ship.

Dr. Charles Huffnagle
It was fortuitous that the American Consul in Calcutta was none other than Dr. Charles Hoffnagle, a doctor of much renown.  Here is what I have found about this angel in disguise:

Charles Huffnagle was born in Philadelphia, March 23, 1808, and died unmarried.  He was a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania and da skilled physician.  In 1826 he sailed from Philadelphia to Calcutta as surgeon on the ship "Star."  His success in treating cholera among the British troops in Calcutta won high commendation from the authorities there.  He became a partner in the banking house of John Palmer and subsequently became associated in the firm of Smith, Huffnagle & Co., bankers, and agents of the East India Company.  On September 27, 1847, he was appointed the first U. S. Consul at Calcutta, by President James K. Polk, and on September 6, 1855, was commissioned U. S. Consul General to British India.  He held the later position until his death at London, England, December 8, 1860, while on his way to resume his duties in Calcutta after an absence of three years in the United States on account of ill health. (From an address entitled, “Springdale, the Huffnagle Home,” by John A Anderson in A Collection of Papers Read Before the Bucks County Historical Society, Volume IV (1917), pp. 643 – 644.  Found online at http://www.byberrywaltons.com/resources/books/BucksCountyHistoricalSociteyVol4.pdf)

Tuesday, May 1, 2018

William Furlsbury Carter Mission to India Part 7


William Furlsbury Carter Mission to India Part 7
I feel like adding two or three more installments to this partial report on William’s mission.  I do not know where the original of this mission journal resides today.  There are two, what I consider to be, complete copies of this journal.  The earliest copy is in the LDS Church History Library and is listed as:

William F. Carter journal, 1852 October-1853 December
Call Number: MS 479

Page 2 of this manuscript has the following typed message:  The original journal was brought to the Historian’s Office March 4, 1966, by Margery Ann Kinder Wing, granddaughter of William F. Carter.
A Xerox copy was made for the family, and this copy for filing in the H. O.  The journal was returned to her.

Margary Ann Kinder was born on 2 Aug 1907 in Benjamin, Utah the daughter of Sarah Matilda (Sally) Carter and Robert Boyack Kinder.  Sarah Matilda Carter was the daughter of William Furlsbury Carter and Sally Ann Mecham.  Margary Ann Kinder Wing died on 8 Dec 1991.

A second copy of this journal is also at the LDS Church History Library and is a transcription of the above record that is saved as a PDF document:

William F. Carter journal, 1852 October-1853 December
Carter, William Furlsbury, 1811-1888
Number: MS 1897

The final page of this transcription has the following:  This transcription of William F. Carter’s journal is of the Church Archive microfilm copy. The spelling and grammar is William’s, but some punctuation and notes in brackets and italics have been added for clarification. William followed the common practice of spelling as a word sounded, and not always the same way. He bought the journal in San Francisco after he had traveled from Utah to California, so his entries were added later for that period of time. Transcribed May 2001 by Virginia Burgess, a great great great granddaughter. A few words couldn’t be deciphered and some are “best guess.”

This transcription is also found at our Carterville.com site attached to William’s record in the genealogy.  I compared the original Xeroxed journal entries with a letter in the Church History Library archives from William to his brother Dominicus written in 1853.  They appear to be in the same had so I have no doubts that the purported original journal is authentic. 

With that said, I would like to discuss in this entry why William left India after only a few months there.  It must be remembered that William was not a young man – he was 42 years old in 1853.  He had been driven out of Kirtland, Far West and Nauvoo.  He had crossed the plains to Utah.  And now he, and his fellow missionaries, had essentially walked from Utah to California traveling without purse or script (meaning without any money) and embarked on a sailing ship to India.  It appears that his age and all of travails were catching up with him.
The following are excerpts from two of his journal entries:

Sunday the 26 [June, 1853] – “…My Health was tolerable good untill I arived in Chunar by being under a tree in the hot wind & son for about 4 hours and then lying in a dingy for about 40 hours where the Thermomiter stood at from 110 to 120 in the shade, which overheated my Blood To such a degree that I have not had good health since. I had a turn of cholic & then I had the Dioree 3 days and I had a pain in my head and my Cidnies troubled me very much which caused such weekniss in my back that it is without Dificulty that I walk about.”

Monday the 27 [June, 1853] – “Br Jones Caled the Elders together to Council together about our futer [future] Labours…Br Jones asked me where I wanted to gow. I told him I thought that I would have to gow to some Colder Climate to live long. Said he I supose you would rather gow to America than any where else. I told him that if I Could have my choice, I would rather gow to America than anywhere elce. Said Br Jones you can gow where you are a mind to. Br Musser Motioned that I gow home to the vallies of the Mountains. it was seconed on, Carried unanimous. Br Jones then said to the Brethren that he had discovered that I had ben failing ever since I came here. he said that I was to far advanced in years and had been through to many hardships to stand the climate of India. for it was as much as they that were young and full of Nerve Could do to stand it and he was satisfyed that were I to stay here I would not live a great while and for his part he Cheerfully approbated my returning home as soon as posible and that I should gow with his Blessings and have his Prays and all the Brethren Responded to the same and Advised me to get away as soon as posible, for I was Running down as fast as posible &c. I had the Ague sweet [sweat] on me day & night. I could but gust get about the house. I was sow feble.”

So, what exactly was going on with William’s health?  At first glance because of his reactions to the extreme heat he could have been having heat stroke symptoms.  But there was more going on as near the end of the Monday entry in his journal he mentions “Ague sweet” [or sweat}.  Ague is an old name for malaria which is what William had probably contracted.  Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by parasite.  People who get malaria are typically very sick with high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness. (https://www.cdc.gov/malaria/) All of this seems to fit the symptoms William had.  It was an act of kindness that his mission companions encouraged him to leave India and return home.  This decision probably saved his life, for which half of his posterity should be grateful to say the least, as many of his children were born after his return to Utah.

Monday, April 30, 2018

William Furlsbury Carter Mission Part 6

Calcutta is on the Hoogli River. I traveled this river south to where it met the Ganges River on a steamer boat. My 2nd great granddaughter Jane Carter - daughter of Tommy Lavan and Kathryn Carter - traveled on it in Calcutta when she was there. When she asked the guide where the crocodiles where, He answered that there were no crocodiles. She said that there were in my time as I wrote about them and then she showed him the entries in my journal. Here is what I wrote:

William's Journal

Saturday, May 21, 1853: At 8 a.m. our attention was called to witness a singular sight. Our attention was excited by three or four hundred natives on the shore, howling and screaming. They gave us to understand that an alligator had caught a man; they pointed up the river. We looked and about one-quarter of a mile from us we saw the monster with the man. The alligator was about 20 feet in length; me made for him as fast as possible. He went down with the man and just before we get to him, arose without the man. Close to us, he went down and we saw no more of him. Soon after we passed, the man arose, but was dead. There was a man carried off in the same place yesterday.

The natives have a place built of bamboo by the shore, where they go to bathe; and this place had got broken away, so the alligator got in and caught the men. There is any amount of alligators and crocodiles in this river. The crocodiles will take an ox and use him up directly.
Fellow Missionaries


Abandoned dock on Hoogli River in modern Calcutta

Natives washing clothes today on banks of Hoogli River in Calcutta

River Boats like those William would have seen