Monday, July 18, 2016


(It should be noted that in the previous post it was mentioned that John purchased about 22 and three quarters acres of land on 26 May 1841 in Section 31 due west from Morleyville.  This section of Walker Township along with Section 31 where Morleyville was located became the home of most of the Carter family upon their move to Illinois.)

The period of 1843 through 1848 was a busy time for John as far as land transactions go.  He bought and sold land several different times.  On 20 Apr 1843 John listed of Adams County, purchased 40 acres of land from Alexander Hills and Eliza Ann his wife, of Hancock County, for $150.  The description of the land was as follows:  being in the County of Adams in the state of Illinois viz: The North half of the East half of the South East quarter of Section No. Five in Township No Two of Range No Eight West.[1]  As best as can be determined, this land is due south of Tioga, Hancock County over the county line in Adams County.  With this purchase John now owned two parcels with a total of about 62 acres.  Less than a month later, John completed the sale of the land in Missouri and was now strictly an Illinois landholder. 

Next on 17 Feb 1846 John Carter Jr. sold a piece of land to his father, John Sr. for $50.  This must have occurred as the LDS members of the Carter family were leaving Nauvoo to Iowa.  The land was described as beginning at a Stone at the South East Corner of a certain piece of land conveyed by William C Wilson to Dominicus Carter thence North Fifty two Rods thence west twelve rods and six feet thence south fifty two rods then East to the place of beginning it being in the South West quarter of the North East Quarter of Section thirty one in Township 3 North Range eight West of the fourth principal meridian.[2]  This piece of land calculates out to about 624 sq. rods or 3.9 acres.  John now had approximately 66 acres in three parcels.

John’s next purchase, on 30 Mar 1846, was from the same William C Wilson and wife Rose Ann, who had sold William Carter the land that William later sold to John as his first purchase in Section 31.  This purchase for $175 was described as the North West quarter Section 31 Township 3 North Range 8 West of the principal meridian.  The legal description was to Commence Southwest corner of Adams Snyder’s tract; South 21 Rods; East 26 Rods 12 Feet; South to South line of said quarter; East to east line of said quarter; North to Southeast corner of land owned by Charles Woodworth; west to the beginning point.[3]  It can only be guessed at this time as to the size of this parcel but based on other purchase prices it could be guessed that $12.50 an acre seemed to be the going rate so this may have been for about 14 additional acres of land.  This would bring his ownership up to 78 or so acres in 4 parcels.

Assorted tax receipts for John Carter in Illinois
The above deeds can be found in their original form in the films listed at the end of this post.  We are indebted to Joe Irvin Conover, whose family preserved many early Carter documents, for the tax receipts posted here.  It is very unusual to see documents of this kind preserved for over 150 years.  They are presented here for your viewing.  Those of us who own land can only wish that our tax bills were of this size.

             (Our next entry will chronicle the mob violence in the Nauvoo area that lead to the final split of the family.)

[1] Adams County, Illinois Deeds, Book W, p. 238 (Family History Library Film  967544).
[2] Hancock County, Illinois Deeds, Book 93, p. 92 (Family History Library Film 954282).
[3] Hancock County, Illinois Deeds, Book 19 (0), p. 505 (Family History Library Film 0954601).

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